The Art of Learning by Josh Waitzkin
entity learning of intelligence: see overall intelligence or skill at a certain discipline to be fixed, not able to improve. They say, " I am smart at this."
incremental learning: they believe that you learn and improve in steps for every skill. Difficult material can be grasped or learned - step by step - incrementally. They say, " I got it because I worked very hard at it."
learning theorists ( incremental) when faced with difficult material are far more likely to rise to the level of the game. entity theorists are more brittle and prone to quit and their self confidence is easily destroyed.
Look up terms;
parallel learning - Parallel Learning Structures (also known as Communities of Practice) promote innovation and change in large bureaucratic organizations while retaining the advantages of bureaucratic design. Groups representing various levels and functions work to open new channels of communication outside of and parallel to the normal, hierarchical structure. Parallel Learning Structures may be a form of Knowledge Management. Knowledge Management involves capturing the organization's collective expertise wherever it resides (in databases, on paper, or in people's heads) and distributing it to the people who need it in a timely and efficient way.
translation of level
numbers leave numbers, or form to leave form. - collect or amass data, look for patterns, learn the fundamentals, the skills, until they are automatic and unconscious
Foundations matter - repetition until automatic. Rules need to be internalized, lived by, and forgotten.
Chess ; learn principles of endgame, opening, midgame - break problems, skills to learn, into separate modules or smaller blocks.
the key to pursuing excellence is to embrace an organic, long-term learning process, and not to live in a shell of static, self monitoring.
growth usually comes at the expense of comfort or safety
losing is not a crisis but an opportunity to gain
by systematically training oneself, you can trigger states of creative flow.
hard zone/ soft zone concentration - hard tries to force out intrusions, soft either uses them or ignores them naturally
investment in loss is giving yourself to the learning process. being pushed and learning without reverting back to old habits.
if you can avoid the same mistake twice - both technical and psychological - you can skyrocket to the top of your field. the aim is to minimize repetition as much as possible - keep looking for consistent psychological and technical themes or categories of error.
each loss is a lesson
losses define who we are - how we recover determines who and what we are
process defines success/ losses are part of the process
virtually all situations can be handled as long as presence of mind is maintained
breathing should be a return to what was natural before we got stressed out by years of running around a hectic world and internalizing bad habits.
breathing should be natural
in breath should wake up the body, like waking after a restful sleep, breath into the fingertips, the out breath releases, de-energizes, like right before sleep.
a large obstacle to a calm, healthy, present existence is the constant interruption of breathing patterns by a thought, phone ringing, etc. that interrupts the breathing and we stop the out breath and then inhale.
the learning principle is to plunge into the details/ mystery of the micro in order to understand what and how the macro works.
the power of empty space, zugzwang, where any move of the opponent will destroy his position.
check out tai chi push hands
forget long telegraphed moves like back kicks - a boxing jab is much more effective because it covers little distance, its quick, and is fundamentally sound.
internalization and refinement is much more important than quantity of what is learned.
chunking is the minds ability to assimilate large amounts of information into a cluster that is bound together by certain patterns or principles particular to a given discipline.
carved neural pathways - creating chunks and the navigation between chunks.
you can slow down time by using your mind more effectively by looking at less or thinking of less and being more specific. think of a PC, a 286 is faster than today's computers because it had less information in ram clogging the pipeline.
focus on specifics and your mind speeds up
critical steps to resolving and handling chaotic situations;
1. learn to be at piece with imperfection
2. learn to use imperfection to your advantage
3. learn to be continuously inspired regardless of whether conditions are conducive to it.
it is important to do visualization work, in a form appropriate to the discipline
it is the internal work that makes the physical work click.
any moment one piece can control, inhibit, or tie down two or more pieces, a potentially critical imbalance is created on the rest of the board.
releasing tension from the body through meditation is effectively clearing interference and your breathing can re-energize you
always train with people who are better at the skill than you
beginner's mind/ investment in loss
it is essential to have an incremental learning approach that allows for times when you are not in peak performance state. great performers are willing to look bad as they refine their skills and rework weaknesses. what makes you great is not perfection, but a willingness to put yourself on the line, over and over.
look for book tai chi classics
if the opponent does not move, then I do not move
at the opponent's slightest move, I move first
if the opponent's movement is quick, then quickly respond
if his movement is slow, then follow slowly
i.e. control your opponent's intentions
the ability to be clearheaded, present, cool under fire is what separates the best from the mediocre
concept of stress and recovery is important. players who are able to relax in brief moments of inactivity are almost always the ones who end up coming through when the game is on the line
3 sets x 15 repetitions - 45 seconds rest
3 x 12 - heavier - 50 secs
3 x 10 - heavier - 55 secs
3 x 8 - max - 60 seconds
practice the ebb and flow of recovery
waiting is not waiting, it is life happening.
physiological connection is formed between routine and the activity that precedes it. once a routine is internalized it can be used before any activity and a similar state of mind will emerge.
match to individual tastes
1. eat light snack - 10 mins
2. 15 mins meditiation
3. 10 mins stretching
4. 10 mins music
5. play ball ( relaxed focus)
then shrink each step down so you can pull state of focus anytime
5 almonds every 45 minutes during a long match
to walk on a thorny road, we may cover its every inch with leather or we can make sandals
dirty players are the best teachers.
the way to succeed is to acknowledge reality and funnel it, take the curves and use them
true masters have control.
once you know what good feels like, you can zero in on it, search it out regardless of the pursuit.
blood and meditation.
“We all are learning, modifying, or destroying ideas all the time. Rapid destruction of your ideas when the time is right is one of the most valuable qualities you can acquire. You must force yourself to consider arguments on the other side.
— Charles T. Munger”
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